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RFID 防伪技术的探索和应用

发布时间:2016-05-21 浏览次数:2046

   

   RFID FANGWEIJISHUDETANSUOHEYINGYONG,BUJINJIANGWEIQIYEDAILAIZHIJIEDEJINGJIXIAOYI,HAIJIANGWEIGUOJIAXIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENYOUXIAODEJIANGUANQIYEDESHENGCHANJINGYINGZHUANGKUANG,DAJIHEQUDIFEIFASHENGCHANHUODONG,WEIHUSHEHUIZHIXUWENDING,WEIGUOMINJINGJICHIXUFAZHANTIGONGYOULIDEJISHUBAOZHANG。TONGSHIYOULIYUTIGAOGUANLIXIAOLV,JIANGDIYUNZUOCHENGBEN。

    WUXIANSHEPINSHIBIEJISHURFID(Radio Frequency Identification)SHIZIDONGSHIBIEJISHUDEYIZHONG,TATONGGUOWUXIANSHEPINFANGSHIJINXINGFEIJIECHUSHUANGXIANGSHUJUTONGXINDUIMUBIAOJIAYISHIBIE。RFIDYINGYONGYUFANGWEISHIJIANGJIXIAOXINPIANTIEZAISUOXUFANGWEIDEWUPINSHANG,LIYONGSHEPINJISHUJIANGXINPIANNEICUNCHUDEZILIAOCHUANDIDAOXITONGZHONGDUANJIAYIBIANREN,SHIMUQIANYIXIANGYANJIUREDIAN。TAWUXUZHIJIEJIECHUJIKEWANCHENGXINXISHURUHECHULI,QIECAOZUOFANGBIANKUAIJIE。GUANGFANYINGYONGYUSHENGCHAN、WULIU、YILIAO、JIAOTONGYUNSHUHEZICHANGUANLIDENGXUYAOSHOUJIHECHULISHUJUDEYINGYONGLINGYU。

      1. 系统组成

    YIGEZUIJIBENDERFIDXITONGYIBANSHIYOUCUNCHUBIAOSHIWUXINXIDEXINPIANJIDIANZIBIAOQIAN(Tag)、YONGYUXIERUHEDUCHUBIAOQIANSHUJUDEYUEDUQI(Reader,YEKECHENGWEIDUTOU)YIJITIANXIANZUCHENG。WEILENENGSHIXIANDUIBIAOQIANSHUJUDECHULI,HAIXUJUBEIXIANGYINGDEJISUANJIXITONGZHICHI。

    (1)DIANZIBIAOQIAN(Tag,JISHEPINKA):SHIRFID DEHEXINBUJIAN,TABEIZHUANGZHIYUBEISHIBIEDEWUTISHANG,CUNCHUZHEYIDINGGESHIDEDIANZISHUJU,JIGUANYUCIWUTIDEXIANGXIXINXI。BIAOQIANLEISIYUTIAOMAJISHUZHONGDETIAOMAFUHAO,DANBUTONGDESHIBIXUNENGGOUZIDONGHUOBANZIDONGDIBACUNCHUDEXINXIFASHECHUQU。DIANZIBIAOQIANYOUBIAOQIANTIANXIANHEBIAOQIANXINPIANZUCHENG。BIAOQIANXINPIANSHIJUYOUWUXIANSHOUFAGONGNENGHECUNCHUGONGNENGDEDANPIANXITONG(S0C),QIZHONGCUNCHUYOUYUEDINGGESHIDEBIANMASHUJU,YONGLAIWEIYIBIAOSHISUOFUZHEDEWUTI。TASHISHEPINSHIBIEXITONGDESHUJUZAITI,JUYOUZHINENGDUXIEJIJIAMITONGXINDENENGLI。

    (2)YUEDUQI:TANENGGOUZIDONGYIWUJIECHUDEFANGSHIDUQUDIANZIBIAOQIANSUOCUNCHUDEDIANZISHUJU,SHIRFIDXITONGXINXIKONGZHIHECHULIZHONGXIN。YUEDUQIYUDIANZIBIAOQIANZHIJIANCUNZAIZHETONGXINXIEYI,BICIHUCHUANXINXI。MEIDANGNIANFUYOUDIANZIBIAOQIANDEWUTITONGGUOTADEDUQUFANWEISHI,JIUXIANGBIAOQIANFASHEWUXIANDIANBO,RANHOUBIAOQIANHUISONGZISHENCHUCUNDEWUTIXINXI,ZHENGGEGUOCHENGSHIFEIJIECHUSHIDE。

    (3)TIANXIAN(Antenna):ZAIDIANZIBIAOQIANHEYUEDUQIJIANCHUANDISHEPINXINHAO。YUEDUQISHANGLIANJIEDETIANXIANYIBANZUOCHENGMENKUANGXINGSHI,FANGZAIBEICEWUPINJINCHUDETONGDAOKOU,TAYIFANGMIANJIWUYUANDEDIANZIBIAOQIANFASHEWUXIANDIANXINHAOTIGONGDIANNENGYIJIHUODIANZIBIAOQIAN;LINGYIFANGMIANYEJIESHOUDIANZIBIAOQIANSHANGFACHUDEXINXI。ZAIMEIGEDIANZIBIAOQIANSHANGYEYOUZIJIDEWEIXINGTIANXIAN,YONGYUHEYUEDUQIJINXINGTONGXUN。

  2。 RFID 系统的工作原理

 TONGCHANGDIANZIBIAOQIANANZHIZAIWUTISHANG,YUEDUQITONGGUOTIANXIANFASONGCHUYIDINGPINLVDESHEPINXINHAO;DANGDIANZIBIAOQIANJINRUYUEDUQIDEDIANBOJIESHOUFUGAIFANWEISHI,QIWEIXINGTIANXIANCHANSHENGGANYINGDIANLIU,DIANZIBIAOQIANHUODENENGLIANGBEIJIHUOBINGXIANGYUEDUQIFASONGSHIBIESUOXUDESHUJUDENGXINXI(DIANZIBIAOQIANCONGJIESHOUDAODESHEPINMAICHONGZHONGJIEDIAOCHUZHILINGSONGDAOKONGZHILUOJI,KONGZHILUOJIJIESHOUZHILINGWANCHENGCUNCHU、FASONGSHUJUHUOQITACAOZUO);YUEDUQIJIESHOUDAOLAIZIDIANZIBIAOQIANDEZAIBOXINHAO,DUIXINHAOJINXINGJIEDIAOHEJIEMAHOUSONGZHIJISUANJIZHUJIJINXINGCHULI;JISUANJIXITONGGENJULUOJIYUNSUANPANDUANGAIBIAOQIANDEHEFAXING,ZHENDUIBUTONGDESHEDINGZUOCHUXIANGYINGDECHULIHEKONGZHI,FACHUZHILINGXINHAO。

     RFID 的优点

    (1)读取方便

    SHUJUDEDUQUMIAN“JIECHU”,WUXUGUANGYUAN,SHENZHIKEYITOUGUOWAIBAOZHUANGLAIJINXING。YOUXIAOSHIBIEJULIDA,CAIYONGZIDAIDIANCHIDEZHUDONGBIAOQIANSHI,YOUXIAOSHIBIEJULIKEDADAO30MIYISHANG。

    (2)SHIBIESUDUKUAI

    DIANZIBIAOQIANYIJINRUSHIBIECHANGSUO,YUEDUQIJIUKEYIJISHIDUQUQIZHONGDEXINXI,ERQIENENGGOUTONGSHICHULIDUOGEDIANZIBIAOQIAN,SHIXIANPILIANGSHIBIE。

    (3)RONGYISHIXIANXIAOXINGHUAHEDUOYANGHUADEXINGZHUANG

    DIANZIBIAOQIANZAIDUQUSHANGBINGBUSHOUCHICUNDAXIAOYUXINGZHUANGZHIXIANZHI。TADETIJIXIAO,YIFENGZHUANG,WAIXINGDUOYANG(RUKAZHUANG、HUANZHUANG、NIUKOUXING、BIXINGDENG),KEYIYINZANGHUOZHEQIANRUZAIDADUOSHUCAILIAOHUOCHANPINNEI,SHIBEIBIAOJIDEHUOPINGENGJIAMEIGUAN。KEYINGYONGYUBUTONGCHANGHE,SHIYONGFEICHANGFANGBIAN。

    (4)SHUJUDEJIYIRONGLIANGDA

    TONGCHANGSHUJURONGLIANGZUIDADEERWEITIAOXINGMA(PDF417),ZUIDUOYEZHINENGCUNCHU2725GESHUZI,RUOBAOHANZIMU,CUNCHULIANGZEHUIGENGSHAO,DIANZIBIAOQIANZEKEYIGENJUYONGHUDEXUYAOKUOCHONG。MUQIANSHICHANGSHANGSHENGCHANDEDIANZIBIAOQIANXINPIAN,CUNCHUSHUJULIANGZUIDIDEYEYOU17WEIERJINZHISHU,YUANYUANDAYUTIAOXINGMADESHUJULIANG。WEILAIWUPINSUOXUXIEDAIDEZILIAOLIANGYULAIYUDA,SHUJURONGLIANGHUISUIZHEJIYIGUIGEDEFAZHANERKUODA,DUICIDIANZIBIAOQIANBUHUISHOUDAOXIANZHI。

    (5)CHUANTOUXING

    RFIDZAISHIBIESHINENGTOUGUONIJIANG、WUGOU、YOUQITULIAO、YOUWU、MUCAI、SHUINI、SULIAO、SHUIHEZHENGQIDENGFEIJINSHUCAILIAOYUEDUBIAOQIAN,BUBIYIDINGYUDIANZIBIAOQIANZAITIZHIJIEJIECHU。SHUJUCHUANSHUSHIYONGJIAOGAODEPINDUAN,LIYONGWUXIANDIANYUANLICHUANSHUXINHAO,DIANZIBIAOQIANJISHIBEIZHURUSHANGSHUDEZHIZHANG、MUCAI、SULIAODENGBAOGUOSHIRENGRANKEYIJINXINGCHUANTOUXINGTONGXUN。

    (6)NAIHUANJINGXING

    RFIDZAIHEIANHUOZANGWUDEHUANJINGZHIZHONG,YEKEYIDUQUSHUJU。TADUISHUI、YOUHEYAOPINDENGWUZHIYOUJIAOQIANGDEKANGWUXING,BUXIANGZHIZHANGYISHOUDAOZANGWUJIUHUIKANBUDAO,SHENZHIZAIELIEHUANJINGXIAYEKEYISHIYONG,GONGZUOWENDUKEDA-25℃~+70℃,YINCIDIANZIBIAOQIANCHENGWEIANGZANG、CHAOSHIHECIMUDENGELIEHUANJINGXIAYUEDUDELIXIANGXUANZE。

    (7)SHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG,YINGYONGFANWEIGUANG

    DIANZIBIAOQIANDESHIYONGSHOUMINGKEZHANGDA10NIANYISHANG,DUXIE10WANCI,WUJIXIEMOSUN、WUJIXIEGUZHANG。

    (8)GENGHAODEANQUANXING

    DIANZIBIAOQIANDEBIANHAODUYIWUER,KEYIWEICUNCHUSHUJUDEDUXIESHEZHIMIMABAOHU,HAIKEYITONGGUOYIZHONGJIAMIYUNSUANJIARUFANGWEISHIBIEMA。ZHIYAOTONGGUOLIANWANGHUOSHENGCHANCHANGSHANGDEFANGDAOSHIBIESHEBEIRUYUEDUQIDENGSAOMIAO,LIJIKEYIFENBIANCHANPINDEZHENWEI,JUYOUGENGGAODEANQUANXING。

    (9)CHENGBEN

    DIANZIBIAOQIANJIAGEJIANGSUIZHEJISHUDEFAZHANJISHENGCHANGUIMODEKUODAERJIANGDI。

    3 RFID 在商品防伪中的应用

    FANGWEIDEYUANLISHI:JIANGSHANGPINSHIBIEHAO(ID)JIFANGWEIMA(TASHITONGGUOYINGJIANHUORUANJIANSUANFAJINXINGJIAMI)XIEZAIRFID XINPIANZHONG,ZHEIGEID ZAISHENGCHAN、XIAOSHOUDENGSUOYOUHUANJIEZHONGSHIWEIYIDE;XINPIANBEIZHIZUOCHENGDIANZIBIAOQIAN,DIANZIBIAOQIANBEIFUJIAZAISHANGPINSHANG,SHITACHENGWEISHANGPINBUKEFENGEDEYIBUFEN。DANGDIANZIBIAOQIAN“BEIPO”YUSHANGPINFENLISHI,SHANGPINDE“WANZHENGXING”BEIPOHUAI,SHANGPINBEIRENWEIYIBEI“XIAOFEI”,FANGWEIJIESHU。ZAISHANGSHUHUANJIEZHONG,TONGGUOGEZHONGJISHUSHOUDUANBAOZHENGCIID YANZHENGGUOCHENGSHIBUKEWEIZAOHECUANGAIDE。RUGUOYANZHENGJIZHIBEIWEIZAO,ZEHUICHUXIANWEIZAODESHANGPIN;RUGUOYANZHENGGUOCHENGBEICUANGAI,ZEDAOZHIZHENPINBEI“ZHENGWEI”CONGERRAOLUANSHICHANG。ZHEIYANG,ZAISHANGPINCONGSHENGCHAN、LIUTONGDAOXIAOFEIDEQUANGUOCHENGZHONG,DOUZHIYOUYIGEBEIWEIYIID BIAOSHIDEYONGYOUWEIYIYANZHENGSHOUDUANDESHANGPINCUNZAI,CONGERDADAOFANGWEIDEMUDE。RFID DIANZIBIAOQIANDESHIBIEID SHUJUSHIZHIDUDE,BUKEGENGGAI。WEILEFANGZHIZAOJIAZHESHIYONGXIANGTONGID DEWEIZAODIANZIBIAOQIAN,ZAIFANGWEIBIAOQIANZHONGHAIKEYIXIERUYIGEYUID GUANLIANDEYEJUYOUWEIYIXINGDEYINMIXINXI“MIYAO”,YONGYUJIANBIEYANZHENGGUOCHENGDEWEIYIXING。YINCIFANGWEIBIAOQIANID WEIYI,XINPIANZHONGYINMIYANZHENGXINXIWEIYIYIJIYANGEDEJIAMIRENZHENGJIZHI,KESHIFANGWEIJISHUZHANGQIYOUXIAO。

    GUONEIRENMENCHANGYONGDESHANGPIN,ZHURUJIULEI、HUAZHUANGPIN、YIYAOBAOJIANPINDENGZHONGDEYIXIEMINGPAI,JIAMAOWEILIESHANGPINCHUXIANSHICHANGHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGZHEIXIEMINGPAISHANGPINDEXINYU,YINGXIANGGUOJIADEJINGJIJIANSHE,QIFANGWEIHENJUBIYAOXING。RFID FANGWEIJISHUTUPOLEYIWANGFANGWEIJISHUDESILU,CAIQULEYIZHONGXINJUCUO,SHIQIJUYOUNANYIWEIZAOXING、YIYUSHIBIEXING、XINXIFANKUIXING、MIMAWEIYIXING、MIMABAOMIXING、SHIYONGYICIXINGDENGTEDIAN。LIYONGRFIDJISHUFANGWEI,YUJIGUANGFANGWEI、SHUZIFANGWEIDENGXIANGBI,QIYOUDIANZAIYU:MEIGEBIAOQIANYOUYIGEWEIYIDEID HAOMA,CIWEIYIID SHIZAIZHIZUOXINPIANSHIFANGZAIROM ZHONGDE,WUFAXIUGAI、NANYIFANGZAO;WUJIXIEMOSUN,FANGWUSUN;YUEDUQIJUYOUBUZHIJIEDUIZUIZHONGYONGHUKAIFANGDEWULIJIEKOU,BAOZHENGQIZISHENDEANQUANXING;SHUJUANQUANFANGMIANCHUDIANZIBIAOQIANDEMIMABAOHUWAI,SHUJUBUFENKEYONGYIXIESUANFASHIXIANANQUANGUANLI;YUEDUQIYUDIANZIBIAOQIANZHIJIANCUNZAIXIANGHURENZHENGDEGUOCHENGDENG。

    应用RFID防伪无论采用何种方式,还要确保鉴别仪器的安全问题。只有这样,才可以真正起到防伪作用。目前,我国RFID主要应用于物流管理、医疗领域、货物和危险品的监控追踪管理、民航的行李托运及路桥的不停车收费等方面。可以预测,RFID的应用会孕育一个庞大的市场,是一个新的经济增长点,它的潜力和前景将是非常诱人的。RFID技术所独有的优势,将在全球形成一个巨大的产业,值得各个领域加以关注。

 

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